Aquaculture Sector Snapshot

In Canada, aquaculture is a billion dollar a year industry. Canada is the fourth-largest producer of farmed salmon in the world and mussels are our top shellfish aquaculture export. The industry provides more than 14,000 full-time jobs (5,800 direct, 5,600 indirect and 2,600 induced), many of which are in remote and coastal locations.

With the world's longest coastline, a skilled workforce, and an international reputation for safe, high-quality fish and seafood products, Canada has the potential for future expansion. The industry operates to strict environmental and aquatic animal health standards, which are based on science.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization defines aquaculture as "the farming of aquatic organisms: fish, molluscs, crustaceans, aquatic plants, crocodiles, alligators, turtles, and amphibians. Farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated."

Throughout this site, the word "fish" may be used generically to represent fish and shellfish.