Management Methods

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) works to protect and conserve fishery resources to ensure a stable and sustainable fishing industry. The Department administers a number of programs and initiatives in support of these goals.

Approach and Priorities

DFO manages fisheries in accordance with the roles and responsibilities outlined in the Fisheries Act, using credible, science-based, affordable and effective practices. Key priorities for fisheries management in Canada include:

  • environmental sustainability;
  • economic viability; and
  • the inclusion of stakeholders in decision-making processes.

Legislation and Activities

The core legislation guiding fisheries management is the Fisheries Act. In practice, DFO manages and protects fisheries resources by:

  • fostering sustainable resource use;
  • promoting Canadian conservation interests internationally;
  • allocating fishery resources;
  • respecting Aboriginal and treaty rights;
  • enforcing the Fisheries Act; and
  • regulating the use of fishery resources.