Management and Regulations for Aquaculture

There are significant social and economic benefits associated with sustainable aquaculture. The management of aquaculture in Canada is a shared responsibility. Governments play key roles in managing and regulating aquaculture:

  1. Creating conditions that encourage private sector investment that supports the growth and development of an economically viable and ecologically sustainable aquaculture industry in Canada.

  2. Ensuring that legislation, regulations, policies and programs protect public interest (e.g. fish, fish habitat and food safety) and that these are implemented in a manner that is efficient, timely and proportionate to environmental risks and public interest.

In this section:

Roles and responsibilities 
Learn about Fisheries and Oceans Canada — the lead federal department responsible for regulating and supporting economic prosperity of aquaculture development while safeguarding the environment— and the responsibilities of provinces and territories.

Laws, regulations and policies 
Access a list of key federal laws, regulations and policies governing aquaculture, as well as links to provincial and territorial resources.

Aquaculture Regulatory Reform
Learn about how Fisheries and Oceans Canada is moving forward with a pragmatic aquaculture regulatory reform agenda to address barriers to industry growth while safeguarding the environment.

Regulatory Cooperation Council 
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the United States have established a partnership to implement a deeper collaborative relationship and to advance regulatory cooperation for the aquaculture sector.

Land and water use 
Permissions (e.g. Crown lease, tenure or permit of occupation) may be required to use land and water resources to conduct aquaculture operations. These vary by location.

Environmental management
In consideration of possible environmental risks associated with aquaculture operations, governments at all levels implement regulations and monitor compliance. Measures are in place to deal with: