Marine Protected Areas (MPA)
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are geographically defined areas in the marine environment dedicated and managed for the long-term conservation of nature. Fisheries and Oceans Canada designates Marine Protected Areas under the Oceans Act in order to protect and conserve:
- Commercial and non-commercial fishery resources, including marine mammals, and their habitats;
- Endangered or threatened marine species, and their habitats;
- Marine areas of high biodiversity or biological productivity; and
- Unique habitats;
- Any other marine resource or habitat as is necessary to fulfill the Minister’s mandate of scientific research.
Canada's Oceans Act provides a framework for establishing and managing MPAs, and the process is guided by a set of principles to ensure effectiveness and consistency.
The Endeavour area of the Juan de Fuca Ridge is a seismically active area of seafloor formation and hydrothermal venting.
Bowie Seamount is located 180 kilometres offshore and to the west of Haida Gwaii in the northeast Pacific, off the coast of British Columbia.
Musquash Estuary Marine Protected Area (MPA) is located 20 km southwest of Saint John, New Brunswick. The MPA boundary is defined by the water level at low tide.
Basin Head is located on the eastern tip of Prince Edward Island, approximately 100 kilometres east of Charlottetown, between the town of Souris and the community of East Point.
The Gully is located approximately 200 kilometres off Nova Scotia to the east of Sable Island on the edge of the Scotian Shelf.
Gilbert Bay is 60 km2 in size and is located approximately 300 km from Happy Valley-Goose Bay on Labrador's southeast coast.
There are two small Eastport MPAs, one surrounding Round Island and the other surrounding Duck Islands.
The Tarium Niryutait Marine Protected Area (MPA) was officially announced on August 26th 2010. It is Canada's first arctic MPA and consists of three individual areas called Niaqunnaq, Okeevik, and Kittigaryuit.
Anguniaqvia niqiqyuam (Ung-u-niak-via Ni-kig-e-um) was designated on November 16, 2016 as a Marine Protected Area (MPA) under the Oceans Act.
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